Pakistan is a country with a diverse population and political system. A nation that was founded after the partition of India in 1947, Pakistan has been the site of multiple uprisings and military coups since its inception. It also faces many challenges, such as terrorism, water shortages, and military tensions with neighbouring countries. As the sixth most populous country in the world, its citizens should know more about their own nation’s political system
The Constitution of Pakistan is the supreme law of Pakistan. It establishes the structure and function of the government, as well as the rights and responsibilities of its citizens. Specifically, it focuses on how democracy in Pakistan should be practised. The document sets out the main principles of governance including protection for fundamental human rights, free elections, separation of powers among key branches of government, and a system for judicial review. The Constitution has been updated regularly with amendments, additions and revisions from time to time so that Pakistan can remain up-to-date with global standards and norms.
Pakistani politics can be complicated and confusing. With an unparliamentary bicameral legislature, a presidential system of government, and a number of political parties to represent, this phenomenon is not without justification. It is imperative that you understand the intricacies of Pakistani politics if you are to have any hope of understanding what’s happening in the country. This introduction will provide readers with a comprehensive guide to understanding Pakistani politics. From the evolution of its political systems to the role of religion in politics, here is everything you need to know about Pakistan’s politics.
Here are some things you need to know about it:
In order to fully understand Pakistani politics, it is important to know the key principles of governance, the Supreme Court, elections in Pakistan and the history of Pakistani politics.
Key Principles of Governance
The Constitution of Pakistan lays out the key principles of governance in the country. It specifically deals with how democracy should be practised. The document sets out the following principles:
- Protection for fundamental human rights
- Free elections
- Separation of powers among key branches of government
- A system for judicial review
These are important because they help ensure that whatever decision is made is considered carefully, and not just by one person. They also promote free and fair elections.
The Supreme Court of Pakistan
This is the apex court of Pakistan. It has a three-tier system, with the High Court serving as the appellate court to check on lower courts and tribunals. The Federal Shariat Court (FSC) is also an important institution that interprets the Constitution. The Supreme Court of Pakistan decides if certain laws are in compliance with Islamic injunctions and Pakistani constitutional provisions concerning public life and build the state of Pakistan’s decisions.
Elections in Pakistan
It is the responsibility of the government to ensure that elections are free and fair. That is why they’ve put in place a process that ensures it. The first step is that the electoral system should be the same for all citizens, with no discrimination on any grounds. They have also created a process where candidates can contest on equal terms, without any harassment. They have also ensured that voting is secret and there are no disturbances or obstructions to the process.
Pakistani politics is influenced by the country’s ethnic and religious diversity, as well as a strategic geopolitical position. The Pakistani Constitution emphasizes democracy, human rights and social justice while granting the military a major role in national security.
Pakistani politics are unique in the sense that they are not dominated by a two-party system as in most of the world. In fact, there are three dominant parties: The Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PMLN) and Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P) but the fourth party is Pakistan Tahreek. e. Insaaf, is currently now in government and become the largest party of the youth in Pakistan.
These parties have collectively ruled the country since Pakistan came into being, alternating power through democratic elections. In addition to this, there are a number of smaller regional groups that have emerged to address regional and sectarian interests. Here the Governess, supreme court and election commission of Pakistan set up the democratic political system of Pakistan. The roadmap developed by the supreme court in the supervision of law and through the election commission Pakistani nation post their vote to select the party.